Gallery Design

In my proposal depend on my reference house Maison Louis Carré and the scenario, the atrium should be also a gallery to reflected core of social life. Then I research and think about them, what is the basic design idea of the gallery. I think gallery has the same quality with museum because in both of them there are large circulation areas and with help of wall or panel orientation and circulation are provided. Last semester, we analyzed Erimtan Museum in terms of human experience, but of course, in this study and observation we are aware of circulation and orientation in the Erimtan, the building is guided people as if it says turn left or stop there etc… Apart from this quality, generally both gallery and museums have huge volume I mean especially galleries are just whole single space, you can sense huge single space so they should cover a large area with too height. For more understanding, I shared some of the examples from analysis.

Maison Louis Carré/ Alvar Aalto

In this example, in the hall of the house there is an art collection, for this art collection exhibited, two walls used this walls also other aims to isolated private spaces and oriented to people from the dining room to living room. The interesting feature of the gallery is its ceiling, the ceiling is curved for the sense a space higher and larger. As seen at section middle part is hall.

MAİSON LOUİS CARRE section ile ilgili görsel sonucu

Planar House/ Steven Holl

This example similar with the Maison Louis Carré in terms of house and gallery combination. It included large contemporary art collection. Gallery and living room is separated from each other by the narrow wall so they are not completely separated each other, people experience them together. They also placed the core of the house so they can be defined public space of the house.

Yale University Art Gallery / Louis Kahn

It is large scale gallery comparing with other examples, the gallery divided two spaces with triangular staircase. The gallery is important with its material and structure system. As is apparent in this structure, Kahn typically tended toward heavily textured brick and bare concrete, which he wonderfully juxtaposes against more refined and pristine surfaces, like the large glass windows of this building beautifully lined by steel.

yale art gallery kahn ile ilgili görsel sonucu

Multifunctional Gallery Space in Tehran / Kaaf Foudation

The project can be considered as a place that tries to introduce a new space for a showcase of art, a contemporary oriental and specific space with looking into traditional principals. Something that might not fall into the object oriented spaces of an exhibition that isolate the act of expecting but to celebrate the idea of living and spectating also being oriented towards nature.

Tahran ile ilgili görsel sonucu


Alvar Aalto and Material

I like to use material that doesn’t need to much upkeep since the economy of a building depends on this in the long run. But the question may also have a humanist dimension in that the social function of a building is relevant to the choice of materials. There is a relation between people and building material can’t be pinpointed by any amount of theorizing. I designed the first buildings here with copper facing, and later also facades of cast bronze. The durability approaches eternity; they need no maintenance at all. The saving in human work are naturally something to be reckoned with, but the main emphasis is on another plane. a building must not have a negative effect on everyday work of its users…” Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto was Finnish architect, city planner, and furniture designer whose international character rests on a unique combination of modernist refinement, natural materials, and personal expression in form and detail. Aalto forged an organic design vocabulary that juxtaposed concrete and wood, copper and brick, volume and form in an original synthesis. In his every design, he worked on material and its combination on landscape and material.

experimental house alvar aalto ile ilgili görsel sonucu

The significant example on Aalto and material is the Experimental House. The house was meant as a site of experimentation where he could test different architectural elements, construction technics and above all various building materials from both the aesthetic and practical stands out. Its inner courtyard walls (he called experimental walls), clad with various types brick and ceramic tiles, exhibit the great delight he took in random, playful and tactile qualities. The walls reflect the very nature of the experimental home, as there are more than fifty different types of bricks which are arranged in various patterns. This allowed Aalto to test the aesthetics of different arrangements while also observing how they reacted in the rough climate. This house is  just one of his the best works, for understanding Aalto material approach other buildings should be investigated also his influence,

His Influence

Henry van de Velde was one of the designers whom Aalto Aalto held in particularly highly appreciation. According to van de Velde, “No material is beautiful on its own […]. Wood, metal, stone and precious stone owe their particular beauty to the life shaped by working process, the traces of the tool, the various ways, in which the inspired passion or sensibility of the artist who works with these tools expresses itself” from his writings Animation of Material as a Principle Beauty, this quotation is basic for Aalto’s ideas on material. A material identity must be recognized by the architect and articulated in his works, Aalto stated that art as a process in which materials assume their nature.

Aalto also affected from Semper’s theory that explains the transformation of material. Therefore, Aalto followed up the form of Ionic capital back to the flexible form of wood and the way its fiber unravel and curve under a load.

finnish pavilion eliel saarinen ile ilgili görsel sonucu

Finnish Pavillion

When Aalto was a student in Finland, the National Romanticism was dominated by architecture. National Romanticism gets popular with the success of Eliel Saarinen, Herman Geselius, and Armas Lingren The Finnish Pavillion at 1900 World’s Fair in Paris. Aalto studied under the Lingren so he strong influence from them. In the national romanticism use of material cladding to articulate the composition of various dimensional structural volumes. Especially brick and timber dominated material in National Romanticism, Aalto generally used this material with different ways. Aalto held in high esteem, exhibits an especially original relationship to history, not through citation of form but with the virtuosic treatment of materials, especially brick.

Multi Materiality

Aalto emphasized the multi materiality of architecture as the result of industrial building methods. Insulation and sound proofing materials take on greater significance along with manufactured elements such as doors, windows, and surfaces, he had no particular preference for a certain material, he employed various material ‘because the nature of project demanded. You should not be monomaniacs on this point; you must let your hands be tied by theory. His this idea result is Villa Maire perhaps the most impressive demonstration of resulting from his masterly combination of natural and industrially processed material.

villa mairea ile ilgili görsel sonucu

Villa Maire surprises and confounds with its abundance of images and meanings, its delight in telling a tale expressed in episodes full of surprising twists and turns. Each door handle is different, whether in bronze, rattan or covered with leather. Aalto recorded the various material in a table, regarding the floor coverings and the wall and ceiling surfaces for all the different rooms, down to the various woods for the skirting boards.


Second Pre-Jury ‘House in Reference’

After the first pre-jury, I focused on my references differences and my design approach on the project became a related difference of houses with their similarities. How can I do this? In the courtyard house, two mass spatial conditions provided a passage and two courtyards. In this relation, there was only visual contact with the courtyard and between courtyards (passage) is the only transition but in the atrium house there was a similar approach but this time this transition space also using for a living, their difference was scale other differences the main courtyard of atrium house directly relate with courtyards. Therefore, there these two different quality combined with their similar spatial qualities.

I obtained space from there like an atrium. The atrium was inner space like grand entry space focal courtyard. Its difference from the courtyard with enclosed and organized space. In the central part of my design, I have an atrium and it is related to the other spaces and courtyard.

In my other reference house was a Maison Louis Carré, in the Maison Louis Carré, there was huge entrance hall, it is also exhibition hall. The house public and privacy controlled from the hall with help of wall. Walls layered the private spaces also private spaces had the low level from the hall. The hall has a similar attitude with atrium quality as a mentioned above. Therefore, from this similarity, I combined exhibition hall layering and combining with proposal atrium. I also interpreted the wall idea, and I used the wall for integration of spaces. The other difference this house the house spaces grouped around the hall according to their function. I combined this group functions as masses(Atrium House and Courtyard house) I had five masses and they had different functions. Private, Public(kitchen, dining room), Living, Relaxing space and Garage.

These masses are connected in terms of a three-way. Private unit and atrium relation I interpretMaison Louis Carreé private and public distinction with the wall but I applied idea with up-staircase, downstairs also same in Maison Louis Carreé. Relaxing unit and atrium connection from courtyard enclosed part, this space more isolated spaces them. Final relation, because of spreading atrium all public spaces connected with atrium they became one space (atrium) so atrium are used for living, translation, exhibition. Kitchen unit does not completely combine but with the same high of space dining room using for kitchen and atrium translation spaces. About exhibition, wine room became an exhibition panel and panels provide integration different spaces in the atrium and provide circulation.

Also, Passage became a space for living and Courtyard house spatial relation and spreading atrium with courtyards combined. However, because of climate the site, atrium house this attitude are not suitable so atrium became enclosed space, courtyards as well, I interpret this idea inner of houses atrium spread public units (well seen at top view), dining room, living room, wine room became a part of the atrium. Between private spaces and atrium, there was a visual relation with two story high also between stories of circulation occurred in the atrium. What happened courtyard? In the proposal entrance from courtyard and courtyard still provided a relation between spaces with enclosed part. Units are connected in terms of a three-way. Private unit and atrium relation I interpret Maison Louis Carreé private and public distinction with the wall but I applied idea with up-staircase, downstairs also same in Maison Louis Carreé. Relaxing unit and atrium connection from courtyard enclosed part, this space more isolated spaces them. Final relation, because of spreading atrium all public spaces connected with atrium they became one space (atrium) so atrium are used for living, translation, exhibition. Kitchen unit does not completely combine but with the same high of space dining room using for kitchen and atrium translation spaces. About exhibition, wine room became an exhibition panel and panels provide integration different spaces in the atrium and provide circulation.


From Villa Maire site I refer its relation with the environment, it was in a rural area that was completely forest. The material of house came from site qualities timber and local stone also in the entrance, forest abstracted with linear timbers. About climate, day and night can be twenty-two hours so winter is hard, summer is s shining. About the location of the house, the south of house there was a sea, it can be only seen (vista), house located forest but it is not completely isolated between street that had connected city center and house there was 180 metres.


First Pre-Jury ‘House in Reference’

In this term, our project name is House in Reference so we designed a house with references from other houses. Actually, the project based on research and analyzing. In the first pre-jury instead of the function of house and scenario, the aim was focusing the houses’ spatial qualities. In my proposal references house was Courtyard House by Abin Design Studio, Atrium House by Erkut Şahinbaş, Esherick House by Louis Kahn, Maison Louis Carrée by Alvar Aalto, Kaufmann House by Richard Neutra and Glass Shutter House by Shigeru Ban Architects.

Courtyard House: I refer from this house its general spatial condition. According to general spatial conditions of the house, two mass connected with a narrow passage and integrated with a courtyard and outdoor spaces provide mainly visual relation between courtyard and inside of the house. This relation is provided by a transparent glass. The passage provides also transition between upper levels and between two masses. Especially its narrow passage and this passage creation of outdoor space is important for my design decision. I defined courtyard from this condition.

Atrium House: The Atrium House has a similar approach in terms of narrow space connect two main masses. It extended and expanded that creates other spatial qualities. According to that reference, I expanded the narrow passage in the proposal. Basically, I adopt atrium house’ atrium quality to Courtyard House’ passageway. Therefore, atrium and courtyard begin to work together. In addition to that, the architect also refers to the Roman Atrium Houses. These houses also have an atrium that focuses the center and circulation on the center. Erkut Şahinbaş refers Roman atriums and I refers Erkut Şahinbaş’s design. Roman atrium house reference also helped to me about circulation in design.

Esherick House: I referred the Esherick House’s stairs that bring circulation between the spaces. In that house, there are also two spaces that separated with a staircase. One part of the space is two story height and between that two separate spaces, there is a visual relation thanks to the height difference. I adopted that the idea of two story height and circulation that provided by the middle staircase.

Maison Louis Carreé: I referred the usage of the wall to support the circulation idea that in the proposal. In the house, walls are used to layering the spaces in terms of privacy but they also provide orientation, especially I want to translate this orientation for supporting my circulation concept in the atrium. Also according to layering concept, to change of levels provide privacy levels, I adopted this idea to my proposal.

Kaufmann House: I adopted the Kaufmann house centralization and groups of spaces separated each other with outdoor spaces so instead of separate with wall space I prefer this concept. With this approach in design, there are several outdoor spaces and they provide increase integration with outdoor.

Glass Shutter House: I referred the house open-close shutter for integration with outside so outdoor spaces can be like a space in the house.

Jury advised more research about houses and understanding architects’ attitude. Also, I referred similar aspects from houses, I should focus on their differentiation from each other.


References in architecture are the crucial issue, from the antiquity, almost architects and designers used references from previous works. Like every kind of art, an architecture developed references from previous works. So that, some works such as Hagia Sophia, Pantheon, Villa Adriana became a collective knowledge, different civilizations different architects references from them. The important issue in references copying and replica. Unfortunately, some of the architects copy and reply previous works instead of reference.

The quotation is a kind of reference, in architecture quotation is receive an original idea with interpretations. I want to give my example,  I quoted wall idea from the wall house 2. In wall house 2, architect orginaze around a central axis of a horizontal and vertical plane, with three-dimentionality, spaces can be experienced. A vertical plane became a concrete wall and a group of functional spaces appears separate from one another. A group of space the wall appears to be freestanding with glass connection. In my design, wall presented as thick cardboard and I used hinges on the thick cardboard for translation between spaces in the plan, there was a translation.

For the freestanding, right part spaces only connected with the hinge, another part they connected the wall, it was my interpretation. Also, I did not use the long horizontal part in the model.

3d Diagram Revised

After collage revision, my ideas also changing in the 3d diagram. In first revision, I changed my model a bit, my first problem about 3d diagram is  the way of showing private and silence part. In initial part my aim was the simple spatial relation with little strips then I am aware of that these strips lead to complexity and I changed them with a plane. In this way, the relation of private (simple) and public (complex) became a more readable. Also After the wall part (thick corrugated cardboard) I also want to level between spaces in terms of complexity, when increasing the complexity public and private separated each other. There was three level of spaces, with created common volume between spaces, my aim was an achieving complexity. Also because of the L-shaped wall, I integrated two group of spaces. Also, for the harmony of the nature in spaces relation I used L shaped for consistency of the model in the integration of the groups.

Then, I thought that this model cannot explain my ideas clearly, also I revised my interpretation of reassurance also with changing the relation of private and public spaces could not be explained this model. Also, the model looks like a basic design model, I should try to more diagrammatic model.

I revised this model I still used wall idea come from wall house 2 and I give three levels to walls to show changing the relation of private and public spaces. The model had still the same concept, separation of public and private spaces and private has a simple relation same reputation so same elements create same spaces in the same direction. therefore, it showed privacy and silence (monotone movement between elements).  Public parts elements have differents sizes and random places, they are mixed and between elements defining different spaces. About three different levels of wall, in first part of wall(orange), wall is thick and sizes of elements are prevented relation with public part and public part also enclosed with two elements ( for interrupting relation), in the second part (blue part) size of element increasing and interrupting element getting smaller and wall also get thinner and some part of wall, voids occurred for continuity of element from private part, the continuity of elements increase the integration of public and private spaces. In last part (purple), I increased the number of voids and wall get thinner, elements of private parts sizes close to a wall and public part elements distributed all area so on the wall elements are connected. These three level presented the idea of houses in collage, first level wall house 2, second level Saltzman house and Villa Savoye, third level Moriyama house. Also, showing relation element continuos in the other part like previous models (yellow parts).

Collage Work ‘Revised 1 and 2’

I produced two revised collages because I changed my some design ideas and some ideas could not be explained in shown collage’s qualities. Firstly, I want to mention unchanging part of the collage. Sketch and Villa Malaparte photos combination were a main approach of collage and they presented harmony with nature and spatial silence (based on my interpretation) and wall house ‘wall’ was shown its concept well. However, there was anything about other houses in case studies and also, most houses have relation with the concept of collage. Collage should be separated two parts that are private space and public space, yes there are two parts creating a wall which one is public, which one is public could not be understanding. Therefore, I chose houses that have natural harmony as I mentioned previous collage work (Villa Savoye, Atrium Evi, Wall House, Saltzman House) and I combined them to sketch and photos combination in public part to give a sense of the public. Sketch also provide to shown combination these houses with nature.

Ass.03 Revision Şeyma Akcan


Then, I decided to produce a new revision of collage, I cannot solve problems and I will detail my work from the beginning of the process. I researched public and private definitions with help of a book Lessons for Students of Architecture by Herman Hertzberger. Their spatial terms are shortly public- collective and private- individual. Public space is accessible to everyone at all time, private space is accessibility is determined by the small group and one person. These oppositions came from primary human relations, privacy is an important issue for human lives. Actually, in spite of oneself, public and private space are separated for privacy. Public and private are quite common in daily life, even in our houses, kitchen and bedroom is an example of public and private. Then, I reviewed the definition of reassurance and public and private space usage in case studies. Reassurance means that comfort intended to make someone fell less worried, I could relate this definition with privacy. For reassurance of something, its privacy should be protected and isolated. But private and public relation have levels, sometimes they integrated each other sometimes isolated from each other.  When public and private became an isolated from each other reassurance of space be a high point. When they integrated with each other, reassurance of space decrease. In case studies, there were examples of the different level of relation public and private.

Wall House 2 is wall provide to working and living space appear separate one another, they are house appear two-part directly. Therefore, it could be a high level of public and private relation. Villa dall’Ava, public and private spaces strongly segregated in different levels. The ground level contains public spaces and the first level contains spaces which are more private. Saltzman house, the plan based on separation of public and private spaces. For visibility of coastline, upper two levels predominantly public spaces, the public space opens up like a funnel as the structure rises, so that the integrity of the closed private zone, located along two adjacent sides of the house, is partially eroded on the second level, then disappears entirely on the third. The view to the ocean is dramatically revealed as one moves upward. Villa Savoye, there was not completely public and private separation between floors, spaces vary about privacy.  The ground floor is, apart from the entrance area comprised of primarily private areas.Level one is made up of the main living areas and this level is divided in two, one-half devoted to private areas (bedrooms, bathrooms and office) the other half is made up of the more pubic kitchen, living room and courtyard, the garden terrace was open public space. Moriyama house is a good example of the integration of public and private spaces, in between these, there was the dynamic relationship. There are no physical structures, presenting the house as something that belongs to the public as much as it is a private dwelling. It could be the lowest level of public and private spaces so reassurance decreased. Finally, I considered isolation of private is a high level of this segregation so Villa Malaparte had this approach, yes in the plan it is also included public and private spaces but in general approach of the house, isolation from civilization (accessibility) provide to consider that it is a private house. My interpretation of spatial silence in collage same with initial collage but I consider privacy also in terms of silence.

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I revise my collage with these ideas. To shown different level of the relation of private and public I used the image of houses that I mentioned above, I tried to disappear wall in levels, when the wall get smaller the houses private and public spaces integration increase so reassurance decrease. For showing the identity of public in left part, I used human figures. In right part appear silence and privacy. Also, these houses had integration with nature I mentioned initial collage about Villa Savoye and Villa Malaparte. Moriyama house included courtyards and garden design.

3d Diagram Step-3

After the collage work, the last step challenge that is this 2d college how to convert 3d composition, it is not the 3d collage or basic design model. I think this 3d diagram consisted of our ideas in collage so I should produce 3d diagram with keywords interpretation (spatial silence and reassurance) in my collage. Nearly, I try to protect my collage ideas but because of 3d forming, I also interpreted these ideas.

First, in my collage, my composition is separated two parts that express public and private space with the concrete wall. This wall also was used showed isolation from public and civilization and also protection (reassurance idea from college). As a result, wall approach should be in my 3d diagram. To show this approach I used thick corrugated cardboard but also showing isolation and protection from other parts I gave an L-shaped the wall.


Showing spatial silence ideas in college is so easy with the image of Villa Malaparte, in the 3d diagram, it is not easy. I defined spatial silence with loneliness, uniqueness, and harmonies with nature. To show spatial silence easy way is showing also it is contrast, showing contrast also help for me public and private space separation. For spatial silence(it is also a private part) I created monotone, unique and simple relation with thin cardboards in yellow part. This yellow part has own region it cannot far away from the wall and cannot interact with other parts physically. Its contrast part is defined a complex relation, I used different sizes of planes to apply this complexity and spatial relation.


For harmony of all diagram I used the same material, also for the harmony of all diagram I tried to continue lines to a plane and build relation like the same manner of a private part in shown above diagram.

Collage Work Step-2

After case studies, I focused on keywords spatial silence and reassurance, actually I looked at their definitions but I could not relate to case studies, it causes huge questions in my mind. Then I researched their other definitions to could relate a bit to case studies. Finally, I interpreted keywords according to case studies.

Spatial Silence: First of all, I am so happy with this phrase, it can be related case studies easily but how can I showed silence as a collage it was a big deal of this part. I should interpret spatial silence in an easy way to show in collage. Silence has also the meaning of peace etc. I cannot continue from there. Then I noticed the Villa Malaparte it is so proper this phrase. I think that it is located deserted cliff and it is location isolated from civilization, it is so lonely and unique itself but also it cannot distribute natural harmonies. I reviewed other houses at the group, Villa Savoye, Saltzman House, Atrium Evi, Wall House locations are not isolated from civilization but their around environment is nature and empty nearly. Almost have spatial relation with nature in different ways. For example, in Villa Savoye, with columns and garden terrace provide this relation or Villa Malaparte’s material use and form has occurred this relation. As a result, spatial silence is around environment relation to nature and structure’s loneliness, uniqueness, and harmonies with nature. In collage, I decided to show spatial silence in collage with nature parts of Villa Malaparte.

Reassurance: Reassurance is defined to restore the confidence, how I relate with houses I did not have any idea. Maybe it can never collapse things or restored things. Maybe even it collapsed, it could have been something that could be rebuilt. I could not relate this definition to the case studies. The group of houses another common point is public and private space distinction. Especially in Wall House 2 public spaces and private spaces separated by a wall or Le Corbusier designed Villa Savoye included this distinction, also Meier designed Saltzman House as well. Other houses also have this distinction but it is not dominant. This distinction or separation can be used in college. Also for these two keywords’ harmony, I decided that isolated things can be considered reassurance because if it isolated, we could also say it is protected.


With these ideas, I determined Villa Malaparte is the main concept of my collage because it is proper for my both keywords’ interpretations exactly. Its environment and isolation from civilization supported my ideas about the relation to nature and isolation. For the collapse idea, I combined photos and a sketch of Villa Malaparte so based on this idea some of the parts composition photos and sketch merged but some part I did not use photos to show photos converted sketch but the general composition it never collapsed, it is still continuity, also except Villa Malaparte part I played with their opacity placed under the sketch. Therefore, Villa Malaparte looked more durable contrast other parts. For public and private separation and isolation, I collaged Wall House 2 wall, so composition became two parts for showing the public part I used gray background. Finally, I used also some white spaces for spatial silence.

Case Studies Step-1

Before our this term project, we did some exercises but this term exercises based on researches and analyzes so this challenge have three steps. The first step is about researches and analyzes a group of houses called ‘case studies’ then with two keywords, case studies  I produced a collage with their relation and interpretations. The final step is the 3d model, 2d collage converted as a 3d.

Case Studies

Actually, I researched houses in detail because I should find some tips for relation with keywords and houses. A group of houses and keywords:

  • Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye / Poissy, France, 1929
  • Adalberto Libera, Villa Malaparte / Naples, Italy, 1938
  • Richard Meier, Saltzman House / Long Island, 1969
  • SANAA, Moriyama Apartments / Japan, 2005
  • Erkut Şahinbaş, Atrium Evi, Muğla, 2014
  • Rem Koolhaas / OMA, Villa Dall’Ava / France, 1991
  • Shigeru Ban, Glass Shutter House / Japan, 2003
  • John Hejduk, Wall House 2 / Netherlands, 2001
  • Can Çinici, Microloft I Yarasa / İstanbul, 2013

Keywords: Reassurance and Spatial Silence

Villa Savoye: ‘The house is a box in the air’ Le Corbusier, Le Corbusier was a pioneer of modern architecture and Villa Savoye is his best-known work with its form, layout, materials. Villa Savoye has included all aspects of five points of architecture that is universal system successfully. The system demanded pilotis (slender columns) to raise the building of the ground (box in the air) and allow air to circulate beneath; roof terraces, to bring nature into an urban setting; a free plan that allowed interior space to be distributed at will; a free façade whose smooth plane could be used formal experimentation; and ribbon windows, which let in light but also reinforced the planarity of the wall. While analyzing exterior and interior, exterior which is remarkable smooth, planar quality with ribbon windows. It is possible to clearly understand the spatial interaction between public spaces and private spaces. Typically, the living areas of a house are relatively private, indoors and very secluded. However, Le Corbusier positions his living space around a terrace with a common, open terrace, separated by a sliding glass wall. Both the lower and upper habitats are based on the open plan idea, which encourages the inhabitants to move around continuously. This circulation supported with ramps between floors.

Villa Malaparte: Villa Malaparte has an own word, it is completely isolated from civilization, it is only accessible by foot or by the boot. It seems like lonely monumental at the cliff with own form. It has a red structure with inverted pyramid stairs. Villa Malaparte was built with local stone extracted from the site itself; as a result, it has a harmonious relationship with nature and the stairs seem to exceed the cliff, created a new height on it. The interior of the house was distributed in three levels. Above the house, there is a large staircase leading to the solarium, a new floor that feels as though it extends toward the horizon. This space remains completely oblivious to the rest of the house and is not accessible from the interior spaces.

Saltzman House: Its main qualities are absolute whiteness, geometric composition, the prominence of the light. Meier was so influenced from Le Corbusier so he captured the purity of form and space seen in projects of Le Corbusier and spaces are the subtraction of volume. The rounded contours of the house, the two separate structures linked by a footbridge, and use of columns supported the purist appearance are all paradigm of the style. In order to take advantages of scenic coastline, which is not visible from the ground plane, the upper two levels predominantly common space are elevated above a slightly recessed private ground level.

Moriyama House: ‘House as a city’. This work can be defined as the formation of urbanity on the inside of the building. Ten cuboids with different floor areas and heights are freely distributed across a stretch of land not much larger than the lots quartering dense concretions of a single family. All ten volume accommodated different requirements and they are independent each other. It definitely private and community living and it is a perfect example of the home designed like a community while connecting the inside and outside.

Atrium Evi, Erkut Şahinbaş: This house has similar antique atrium house style with modern ways. It’s exterior and interior design merged and separated in different levels.

Villa Dall’Ava: The wall creates a permeable barrier between interior and exterior slide to open fully onto the garden. Its Architects also influenced Le Corbusier with the use of columns, garden and interior relation.

Glass Shutter House: Inside there were three stories and two stories high curtain which is next in this layered composition. An exterior is a new form and unusual facade. Relation exterior and interior is controlled by completely closing all shutters or opening just the shutters on the side of buildings. Shutter facade used to adapt to surrounding streetscape.

Wall House 2: The building was taken attention extreme large concrete wall and surrealist style. Basically, work and living spaces have a different function so they should be separated architecturally so concrete wall separated the working and living sections of the house. Surrealist sculpture merged with cubist paintings and architecture shape series of public, semi-public and private quarters. The structure was organized around the central axis and vertical planes. Light colors visually separate the volumes, this way every volume has a function embraced by an unusual shape that everyone can enjoy and learn from.

Micro-Loft Yarasa: Structure takes a small space and small spaces controlled efficiently. In exterior design shutter used for adapting street.