Global Architecture part of Mesopotamian Architecture

Mesopotamian architecture consisted of Ziggurat, temples, palaces and in general sense,  these were really tall constructs for religious aim or house for high status and priests. In all early civilization, architecture depends on kings and theological status. They build temple tall because of closing with their gods. They used material generally backed bricks and in Gilgamesh ‘ marvel of baked bricks, rather than mud for construction on its temple.’

Ziggurat essential symbol construct of Mesopotamian architects and ziggurats were not only temple, they were really developments examples of the complex. There were several examples of ziggurat but they have the same approach their elevation rounded with walls. They resembled pyramids, clearly their differences between of ancient Egypt and ziggurat is their aims, unlike the ziggurats pyramids used for king tombs.  in the modern world, we can see their similars such as university of Tennessee’s Hodges Library in Knoxville.

The examples of temples which includes important aspects of Mesopotamian architecture are Uruk White Temple, it was a first true ziggurat and it was built raised platform and elevation of ziggurat were very broad and sloping it contains only one way for top step stairway its name come from its wall whitewashed in gypsum.

Another examples Oval temple of Khafaje, it was developed urban temple and temples walls and walls shape is oval. This oval figure temples encountered also in the main Bahrain island and the middle of the Arabian gulf.threshold use for the transition of city street into the temple. Entry court used for the public zone from officers  and the second portal has also high oval walls and this portal has relation with a ramp. In addition, in the center of the court , there were workshops, storage rooms.

Palaces have new attitude and developments as new urban buildings types in especially Akkadians because they have more structures rules and it causes the development of enclave for palaces. Ebla palaces and Marl palaces are the excellent models of the royal palaces. They were huge construct and have a hundred rooms.

The city of Ur had the maximum development of urban fabric containing the temples, palaces, harbors,streets, canals, fortification, shops, common dwelling. The city’s infrastructure walls, canals, public spaces were improved as a modern urbanization. Ur’s walls have the oval shape and in the center of the city, there  was a ziggurat. The houses of the Ur from mud brick has several rooms that wrapping around the opening court. Windows placed opposite side of the street so only connection between outside is vestibule.

ur02cityplan

To conclude, Mesopotamia’s architecture have been the source for other generations. They have many contributions to human history and architecture history. Their houses are generated from later cultures such as Greeks, Roman (domus).

References:

https://tr.khanacademy.org/humanities/ancient-art-civilizations/ancient-near-east1/sumerian/a/white-temple-and-ziggurat-uruk

http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?displayGroupName=Reference&zid=b747894df2a1b223dab4d219121e1813&p=WHIC%3AUHIC&action=2&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3205100418&source=Bookmark&u=mlin_s_orrjr&jsid=30dbb0502899e3a68a899e5cee0c84d2

http://www.worldhistory.biz/ancient-history/69750-the-temple-oval.html

 

 

 

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