About ancient Rome general architectural and urban style, they built numerous cities with astounding results and produced a fewhigh-qualityy buildings to represented political or religious ideals. They had also new urban set, structured on arches and vaults and articulated marble columns. Roman cities was in hilly topography and city founded a followed strict grid. Thanks to using the architectural project, they impose the power of empire and governed a wide range of people.
Roman architectural two essential features are colonnaded street and new type city public space daily existence. They mastering in using arches, vaults, new technology of concrete construction, their structures were unprecedented that gravity and overcome the irregularities of terrain. Roman architecture is absorption of Etruscans and Greek settlements. For example, Etruscan architect brought technics of arches and vaults, also in Roman temple repeated Etruscan frontal orientation. They learned orthogonal grid style from Greek, most of construction and general sense of Roman cities indicated influences of Greeks architecture and especially Hellenistic ideas. In Roman cities had typically colonnaded grid street and followed the grid system. When they did not apply grid system because of topography, they planned cities with cross-axis of streets that borrowed from also Etruscans. However, different from Greek, unlike using casual openness, The Roman Forum are tightly enclosed by large colonnaded buildings. Diffent from other previous culture, Roman architecture control spaces for expecting people behaviors.
Pompeii had a great urban system and it showed the importance of public spaces in Roman daily life. Cities style blended local Oscan, Etruscan, Greek and Roman ideas. For example, they combined orthogonal block by Greek and Roman square blocks. About public spaces, cities showed Roman preference of axial orientation. Pompeii included Temple, Forum and Basilica. Temple located at end of the basilica. Basilica of Pompeii is diffrent from others because common approach in basilica is a arranged transversely with entrance of long side but in Pompeii basilica entrance is in short side so it created strong axis. Similar other cultures hypostyle halls, Roman Basilicas were used grandclearspon hall that improve darkness problem at hypostyle halls. Forum Pompeii’s northern entries framed specail arches so its showed Roman skills to articulate public spaces.
Theaters And Bath
Except temples and tombs, Roman used theaters and baths for socialization, pleasure and hygiene. Unlike Greeks, located theater in sloping sites, Roman built freestanding construction using arches and concrete vaults. Generally, theaters also included temple for religious sanction on performance. Roman invented new form of theaters amphitheater that combine two theaters with formed ellipse. Colosseum is one of the example of amphitheater and also the largest building in emperors. Roman baths contained also outdoor exercise and swimming pool from the different Hellenistic prototype.
Roman domestic architecture consisted in domus, insula and villa. Typical roman houses in the city are called domus which looked inward and tightly organization around the colonnaded court. It was an instance of the natural elements into the design of dwellings. Villa that locates country is used in summer times for escaping cities’ summer.