Early Christine Italy and Byzantium

Constantine who was Roman emperor is adapted Christianity to the official religion. Like every other culture, religion directly affected architecture so new type churches and religious structure begin to seem. Its cult buildings continued in a low profile with compering, extravagant colonnaded façades and imperial Rome space shapes. Christian church exterior seems modest and unassuming. They have only succeeded design skills that their interiors, brimming with mosaics, paintings and marble colonnaded.  There was not sharp passing from Roman belief to Christian religion, they adopted both Roman rule and Christine religion.

The First Christine Emporer

Emperor Diocletian proposed a new plan 4 man executive system. Their organization like a military cross axis inside a perfect square set of the walls. Palace divided into quarters with two intersecting streets. They were lined with colonnaded instead of entablature carried arches. It was briefly one example of his the classical tradition broken. He also  stands up new city walls and larger bath complex in Rome.

Maxentius were built different styles of basilicas and they became the grand vaulted structure in the world. He patronaged public spaces for showing his power. For example, he restored the Senate-house and the Temple of Venus and Rome and built new Hippodrome, the Mausoleum of Maxentius.

Constantine became a phenomenon for Christians so Constantine constructed first sponsored church in Rome, Lateran. With this building, architectural approach began to change, for instance, this church has an ambiguous exterior instead of Roman colonnaded façade. Another difference is a church was peculiarity shared by other churches rather than conventional eastern orientation. After the roof began to be timber instead of vaults and fist arcades with arches appeared, this structural element became a classic for churches in the next periods. Constantine represented his loyalty of religious and scale of his power.

After the separation of Constantine from Rome, the church began to be more dominant. The architect certainly coordinated proportion, leaving the same height as lower order and articulating.


Constantine  transferred the capital to east Byzantium he planned a first Roman city with churches, he also was constructed Christ dome covered dome the essential point of this period certainly dome. This plan began to be alternative longitudinal basilica for church design. Byzantine churches especially Hagia Sophia are significant for Christian architecture. The extraordinary vaulted space advanced and are a monumental figure in the design of churches.


Constantine’s new capital and model of the three essential church types in use: the aisled basilica, the central-plan memorial church and pavilion like baptistery. Constantine tried to build a New Rome so he emerged imperial Roman rule and Christian identity in his palace, hippodrome, churches, triumphal plazas and imperial mausoleum. The Constantinople have a grand colonnaded central boulevard that dominates the urban structure of the peninsula.Similar to Domus, palace overlooked stadium hippodrome for emperor watching races. The new city architecture consisted of traditional Roman building types and also churches but churches located in nodal points of the city, unlike Roman term. For example, the palaces complex ‘Hagia Sophia or Holy Wisdom of Christ’ are directly flank with the Augusteon Forum. The imperial Rome extroverted colonnaded spaces changed and inward oriented church halls inhabited like the original version of Hagia Sophia. Constantine’s city became a successful New Rome


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